Abdominal distension is a condition whereby the abdomen becomes larger and appears like it’s swollen. It’s important to note that abdominal distension is not an obesity related problem but it is caused by other conditions as we shall see below. The causes of abdominal distention are many and varied. The treatment remedy employed largely depends on the cause of this disorder. Abdominal distension leads to the increase of abdominal volume and pressure and thus may lead to the person suffering from top experience a lot of discomfort. Usually, this condition is not painful but only causes discomfort. Some people experience different and varied signs which point that they are suffering from this condition. Some belch a lot while some feel nausea while others may pass gas frequently. Research has shown that nearly one in every four people in the US population experience abdominal distension regularly.
When one feels so full with the presence of funny abdominal rumbling sounds, the condition is referred to as abdominal bloating. Abdominal bloating is believed to be caused by the eating habits of a person such as excessive eating and sleep swallowing. Other notable causes include irritable bowel syndrome, constipation and diabetes. Some people may develop distension due to various allergies and bowel obstructions. It is generally believed that a combination of swallowed air and abdominal fluids leads to this problem of bloating. Pressure is caused by the action of swollen intestines filled with air which pushes up against the diaphragm induces pressure sensations on the lower parts of one’s chest. Similarly, constipation, a delay in emptying of the bowels and swallowing of air during eating most often lead to bloating of the abdomen.
Fluid accumulation is one the causes of distension. The accumulation of fluid is triggered by various health issues such as:
- Urine from the urinary tract tear
- Transudates , which comprise of leaked fluids from vessels.
- Internal bleeding
- Exudates which is fluid caused by infection.
Another cause of abdominal distention is by enlarged organs such as liver, spleen or kidney. Internal injuries can also cause abdominal distension. Some conditions like pregnancy are also known to cause abdominal distension to some degree.
In reality, an enlarged abdominal cavity is not the only sign of a possible abdominal distension. Some other symptoms which indicate this condition have been discovered. These include: change of habits like urination, bowel activity, appetite, increased vomiting, sudden weakness among many other habitual conditions. It’s important to note that abdominal distension does not only occur in humans alone, but it’s also common in animals. Therefore, it will be prudent if you notice one of your animals at home depicting many of these signs, you need to call a veterinarian to have it examined immediately.
The diagnosis of abdominal distension is usually the process of determining its cause. This will more often than not involve medical procedures and will therefore require the services of qualified medical practitioner. These tests include conducting abdominal x-rays, physical examination, abdominal ultrasounds, biopsy, urinalysis, chest x-rays and specific tests on organs. After the process of diagnosis is complete, the doctor then, to the best of their knowledge decides on the medical procedure to employ in treating this condition.
Most time, abdominal distension is caused by severe health problems and it will be prudent that once you notice unusual conditions affecting your abdomen, seek medical attention immediately to have the cause established to avoid tragic incidents which will be so costly to treat if they get out of hand.